Maps and Survey - Contents


Maps and Survey Contents

Through the courtesy of the National Archives, Kew, the Defence Surveyors’ Association is including Maps & Survey, H.M.S.O. on its web site.

The object of the book is to present in a convenient and accessible form the principal facts and features concerning Maps and Survey during the Second World War for the benefit of instructors and students at Military Educational Establishments, of staff officers, and of others who will be responsible for the organization, training and development of the Army for any future war which may arise.

The subject matter has been compiled from the following sources:—

  • The personal experience of officers who held appointment as Directors of Survey, Survey Staff Officers, or as officers serving with survey units.

  • A study of reports, diaries, correspondence, and other documents dealing with survey activities on the home front and in the various operational theatres.

CHAPTER I - Basic Survey Organizations in the United Kingdom

SECTIONS

1. Directorate of Military Survey (War Office). 1

2. The Ordnance Survey of Great Britain. 6

3. The Survey Training Centre R.E. 9

CHAPTER II - France and Belgium 1939-40

 SECTIONS

1. Survey organization. 13

2. Maps and map production. 17

3. Triangulation and field surveys. 26

4. Map supply and distribution. 32

CHAPTER III - Home Defence and Preparation for Offensive Operations 1940-44

CHAPTER IV - British American Mapping Policy

CHAPTER V - The Middle East

SECTIONS

1. Survey organization and narrative. 49

2. Maps and map production. 73

3. Air survey photography. 102

4. Triangulation and field surveys. 106

5. Map supply and distribution. 136

CHAPTER VI - Italian East Africa

SECTIONS

1. Survey organization and narrative. 139

2. Maps and map production. 151

3. Triangulation and field surveys. 159

4. Map supply and distribution. 162

CHAPTER VII - Persia and Iraq

SECTIONS

1. Operational background. 165

2. Survey organization and narrative. 172

3. Air photography for mapping and revision. 193

CHAPTER VIII - South East Asia

 SECTIONS

1. Brief history of the Burma campaign. 196

2. Survey organization. 205

3. Maps and map production. 222

4. Air photography for mapping and revision. 243

5. Triangulation and field surveys. 250

6. Map supply and distribution. 252

CHAPTER IX - North West Africa

SECTIONS

1. Survey organization and narrative. 258

2. Maps and map production. 270

3. Triangulation and field surveys. 276

4. Map supply and distribution. 280

CHAPTER X - Italy

SECTIONS

1. Survey organization and narrative. 289

2. Maps and map production. 302

3. Triangulation and field surveys. 322

4. Map supply and distribution. 329

5. Map supply to the Air Forces. 336

6. Air photography for mapping and revision. 339

CHAPTER XI - France, Belgium, Holland, and Germany 1944-45

SECTIONS

1. Survey organization and narrative. 344

2. Maps and map production. 366

A.

3. Triangulation and field surveys. 411

In the United Kingdom. 366

B.

Overseas. 392

A.

4. Air photography for mapping and revision. 439

5. Reconnaissance surveys of potential airfield sites. 447

6. Map supply and distribution. 449

7. Map supply for the Allied Expeditionary Air Force. 474

Preparatory work during the planning period. 411

B.

Field surveys overseas. 420

CHAPTER XII - Miscellaneous Theatres

 SECTIONS

1. Iceland. 479

2. Malaya. 483

3. Greece. 486

4. Sicily. 496

5. The Pacific. 504

CHAPTER XIII - Dominion and Colonial Survey Units

SECTIONS

1. Canada. 511

2. Australia. 521

3. The Union of South Africa. 531

4. Southern Rhodesia. 538

5. East Africa. 545

6. West Africa. 546

CHAPTER XIV - Miscellaneous Notes

SECTIONS

1. Map production in the United Kingdom. 548

2. Relief models. 555

3. Army/Air maps. 560

4. Maps for the Air Forces. 562

5. Some comments on survey organization. 565

6. Radar control for air survey photography. 579

7. Grids and map co-ordinates. 582

8. Survey equipment. 584

9. The supply of survey stores. 588

10. Beach information for assault operations. 594

11. Map supply for Airborne Forces. 600

APPENDICES

I - S.H.A.E.F. Operation Memorandum “Artillery and Engineer Survey.” 614

II - S.H.A.E.F. Operation Memorandum “Map Co-ordinates.” 618

DIAGRAMS

Nos.

1. The British Military Survey Organization, May, 1945. 4

2. Grid Zones in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East. 112

3. Adjustments to the Triangulation Systems in Cyrenaica. 118

4. Triangulation in Palestine. 123

5. The Mediterranean Chain of Triangulation. 128

6. Map and Survey organization in the Mediterranean Theatre of operations, 1944-45.

7. Map and Survey organization with the Allied Expeditionary Force in North West Europe, 1944-45.

8. Grid Zones in Central Europe. 414

9. Belgium-England-France Triangulation Connection. 418

10. Geodetic Connection between the Triangulation Systems of Belgium, Holland, France, Luxembourg, Germany. 431

11. Norway-Denmark. Triangulation in connection between Norway and Denmark. 433

12. Airfield Sites in Northern France. 450

13. Map Supply organization for U.S. Army and Air Force. 465

14. Organization of Survey Directorate with British Second Army during “Overlord” 1944-45. 567

15. Organization for Map Distribution in the Field as developed during the 1939-45 War. 580

SKETCH MAPS

Nos.

1. Northern France and the Low Countries. 15

2. The World.

3. Middle East. 51

4. Palestine, Syria and Trans-Jordan. 53

5. East Africa. 140

6. Persia-Iraq. 166

7. India, Burma and Malaya. 198

8. Burma, Assam and Bengal. 200

9. North West Africa and the Western Mediterranean. 259

10. Italy. 290

11. Northern France and the Low Countries (1944-45). 345

12. North West Europe.

13. Iceland. 480

14. Malay Peninsula. 484

15. Greece. 488

16. Sicily. 498

17. The Pacific.

facing 48facing 400facing 528

PLATES (following p. 620)

Nos.

1. GSGS 4042 N.W. Europe 1: 250,000. Sheet 7 “Rouen-Paris” (Edition of 1938).

2. GSGS 2738 France 1: 250,000. Sheet 13 (Edition of 1938).

3. GSGS 4040 France and Belgium 1: 50,000. Sheet 53 “Courtrai” (Edition of 1937).

4. GSGS. Sheet 47 N.W. “Evreux” (Edition of 1938).

5. GSGS 4041 N.E. France and Belgium 1: 25,000. Sheet 36 N.W. “Bree” (Edition of 1939).

6. GSGS 4193 Turkey 1: 200,000. Sheet B. 16 “Kars.”

7. GSGS 4362 Daba-Alexandria Series 1: 50,000. Sheet 5 “El Alamein.”

8. GSGS 4386 Egypt and Cyrenaica 1: 250,000. Sheet 3 “Salum-Tobruch.”

9. Middle East 1: 25,000 Matruh area.

10. GSGS 4076 Cyrenaica 1: 100,000. Sheet 19 “Tobruk” 1941.

11. Egypt “Going” Map 1: 500,000. Sheet 2 “Cairo.”

12. GSGS 4078 Palestine 1: 100,000. Sheet “Nablus” 1941.

13. The Levant 1: 50,000. Sheet “Tripoli.”

14. Palestine 1: 25,000. Sheet 17-13 “Jerusalem” 1943.

15. GSGS 4225 Tunisia 1: 50,000. Sheet “Mareth.”

16. Tunisia 1: 50,000. Sheet 83 S.E. “Mareth.”

17. Eritrea 1: 50,000. Keren area.

18. E. Africa 1: 500,000. Sheet “Dire Daua.”

19. E. Africa 1: 250,000. Sheet “Fich-Imi.”

20. GSGS 3919 Iran. Sheet I-39G “Hamadan.”

21. Iraq 1: 50,000 (Ruwanduz area). Sheet 3 “Galala.”

22. Iran 1: 25,000 (Razan area). Sheet 16 “Durud.”

23. Burma 1 inch to 1 mile. Sheet 84| (2nd Edition 1943).

24. GSGS 4218 Assam and Burma 4 miles to 1 inch. Sheet 841 “Mawlaik.”

25. India 1:25,000 (Palel area). Sheet 4.

26. Siam 1:25,000. ”Phuket Island.”

27. GSGS 4180 Algeria 1: 200,000. Sheet 9 “Bone” 1941.

28. GSGS 4230 Italy 1: 250,000. Sheet 35 “Napoli.”

29. GSGS 4164 Italy 1: 100,000. Sheet 142 “Civitavecchia.”

30. GSGS 4229 Italy 1: 50,000. Sheet 217-1 “Fordongianus.”

31. GSGS 4228 Italy 1: 25,000. Sheet 88III S.E. with layers and topographical overprint.

32. GSGS 4228 Sicily 1: 25,000. Sheet 262-1 S.W. and 1 S.E.

33. Provisional GSGS 4229 Italy 1: 50,000. Sheet 192-1 “Alghero.”

34. Italy 1: 200,000 Road Map. Sheet 19.

35. GSGS 4164 Italy 1: 100,000. Sheets 245 and 246 with “Going” overprint, based on air photo information.

36. GSGS 4040 N.E. France and Belgium 1: 50,000. Sheet 53 “Courtrai” (Edition of 1943).

37. GSGS 4250 N. France 1: 50,000. Sheet 9 F/3 “Evreux” (Edition of 1943).

38. GSGS 4471 E. France 1: 50,000. Sheet XXXIV-11 “Thionville” (Edition of 1943).

39. GSGS 4336 N.E. France and Belgium 1: 100,000. Sheet 18 “Beauvais” (Edition of 1943).

40. GSGS 4249 France 1: 100,000. Sheet 7F “Caen-Falaise” (Edition of 1943).

41. GSGS 4042 North West Europe 1: 250,000. Sheet 7 “Rouen-Paris” (Army/Air Edition 1943).

42. GSGS 2738 France 1: 250,000. Sheet 13 “Vannes” (Army/Air Edition of 1943).

43. GSGS 4041 N.E. France and Belgium 1: 25,000. Sheet 36 N.W. “Bree” (Edition of 1944).

44. 1: 12,500 special map “Dieppe” (Edition of 1942).

45. GSGS 4347 N. France 1: 25,000 (Benson Series). Sheet 37/18 S.E. “Creully” (Edition of 1944).

46. 1: 25,000 Photo-Map N. France. Sheet 1-23 (Cherbourg Series) (Edition of 1944).

47. GSGS 4096 Holland 1: 25,000. Sheet B. 345 (Edition of 1941).

48. GSGS 4427 Holland 1: 25,000. Sheet 353 “Haarlem.”

49. GSGS 4490 France 1: 12,500. Sheet “Ouistreham.”

50. GSGS 4346 Germany 1: 250,000. Sheet L. 54 “Hamburg” (Army/Air Edition of 1943).

51. GSGS 4416 Germany 1: 100,000. Sheet L. 4 “Hamburg” (Edition of 1943).

52. GSGS 4414 Germany 1: 25,000. Sheet 2713 “Westerstede” (Edition of 1944).

53. GSGS 4507 Germany 1: 50,000. Sheet 91 “Westerstede” (Edition of 1945).

54. GSGS 4517 (R. Rhine) 1: 12,500. 55. Airfield Reconnaissance Diagram 1: 10,000

56. GSGS 4493 “Lattice Map” (Mercator Projection).

57. Dropping Zone Map. 1: 50,000. Used by Airborne Forces. Normandy, 6th June, 1944.

INDEX.

\ inch to 1 mile4040A N. France 1: 50,000facing 304facing 368